Sunday, May 24, 2020

Schizophrenia, By Swiss Psychiatrist Paul Eugen Bleuler

Schizophrenia, known as the brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally is a serious brain disorder. Schizophrenia can distort the way you think, expression emotions, act, and affects the way you react to others. Sufferers also have issues functioning at work, in school, in their relationships, and of course, society as a whole. Schizophrenia, thought as the most debilitating of the mental illnesses, is a life-long disease. Schizophrenia can only be controlled through proper treatment, for this is no cure. The term Schizophrenia, named so by Swiss psychiatrist Paul Eugen Bleuler in 1910, has the Greek literal translation, ‘schizo’ (split) and ‘phren’ (mind). Though, contrary to this translation and belief, schizophrenia is not a split or multiple personalities. Schizophrenia is a psychosis, and as a psychosis, a person cannot decipher what is real and what is imagined. Schizophrenia, historically, was thought to be the result of posses sion, primarily due to its frightening symptoms. Schizophrenic sufferers were thought to be involved with the devil, or with evil spirits. As consequence, sufferers were flogged, hung, burned at the stake, and starved. Sufferers were also tied or chained in filthy dark rooms in insane asylums, where for a price, people were permitted to spectate the ill. One procedure was often performed, â€Å"trephining†, which consists of a hole being drilled into your skull in hopes that the spirit would be released. BloodlettingShow MoreRelatedWhat Is Schizophrenia?595 Words   |  2 Pages What is Schizophrenia? According to the National Institute of Mental Health, schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling class of disorders in which severe distortions of reality occur (What is Schizophrenia?, n.d.; Feldman, 2013). Derived from the Greek words schizo and phren, Schizophrenia means split mind and describes the fragmented thinking of people with the disorder. (Burton, 2012). Affecting approximately one percent of Americans, Schizophrenia is seen equally in both men and womenRead MoreThe Effects Of Demonic Possession And Psychological Illness1461 Words   |  6 Pagesdemonic in comparison to the psychological illness, schizophrenia, a disorder that remains without a complete cure and is still extremely debilitating for the diagnosed if they are not receiving treatment. This will be done by describing both the origin of demonic possession and schizophrenia, identifying the way each are diagnosed, and how they are treated. I will then provide an example of an exorcism done to banish a demon where schizophrenia might have been a better diagnosis. I will finally discussRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )885 Words   |  4 Pagesbehavioral program designed to aid him form social attachments and to induce speech via imitation. In 1908, the word of autism was created by Paul Eugen Bleuler. He was a Swiss psychiatrist that focuses his studies on symptoms of schizophrenia. The word autism comes from the Greek word autos meaning â€Å"self†. He believed that autism was â€Å"the childhood of schizophrenia† (Jerome Blake H Eugene Hoyme, 2013). In 1944, Hans Asperger submitted his thesis about autism. The name of his thesis is â€Å"Autistic psychopathyRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia Essay1348 Words   |  6 PagesSchizophrenia According to the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), schizophrenia is a severe, chronic and debilitating mental disorder characterized by impairment in one’s cognitive, behavioral, and emotional functioning, which leads to social and occupational dysfunction (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). Prevalence of schizophrenia in the United States is 1.1%, (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2015), and the economic burden relatedRead MoreA Comparison Between Schizophrenia And Bipolar Spectrum Disorder1518 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract A comparison between schizophrenia and bipolar spectrum disorder focusing on history, etiology, treatment, and symptoms of each disease will introduce the concept of the Continuum Disease Model (CDM) as a basis for further debate and discussion on the controversial designation of schizoaffective disorder (bipolar type/depressive type). The concept of a possible connection between distinct disorders is strongly disputed between many experts due to presence of manic or hypomanic episodes asRead MoreSchizophreni A Mental Disorder Essay1427 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that often appears in someone’s early adulthood stage, but it can emerge at any point of time in life. This disorder affects the brain and is considered as psychosis, which is a type of mental illness that makes people with it unable to differentiate between reality and imagination. The first person to identify schizophrenia as a mental illness was German physician Dr. Emile Kraepelin in 1887 and categorized it as dementia that occurs early in lifeRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia3448 Words   |  14 PagesABSTRACT Schizophrenia is a public health issue affecting 1% of the world population. Its disorders are characterized in general by distortions of thinking and perception, and by inappropriate or blunted affections. It still raises many doubts, anxieties and prejudices in relatives, friends and the entire society. The importance of overcoming the disease denial and prejudices is essential for the proper development of treatment. Gatherings from psychological and psychiatric observations blend inRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )1998 Words   |  8 Pageswith age. Therefore the spectrum system is put in place providing a quantitative measure that allows assessment of the different levels of severity (Leboyer Chaste, 2015). The term ‘autism’ was first introduced in 1912 by a Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist Eugen Bleuler. He referred to autism as â€Å"an escape from reality† and it was said to show the â€Å"withdrawal of oneself from social life† (Frith, 2003; Holaday, 2012; Leboyer Chaste, 2015). ASD symptoms can be apparent from as early as 18 months

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Nevada Silver Rush

Some of us keep watching the skies, as the old movie told us to do. Geologists watch the ground instead. Really looking at whats around us is the heart of good science. Its also the best way to start a rock collection or to strike gold. The late Stephen Jay Gould told a story about his visit to Olduvai Gorge, where the Leakey Institute digs up ancient human fossils. Institute staffers were attuned to the mammals whose fossil bones occur there; they could spot a mouse tooth from several meters away. Gould was a snail specialist, and he didnt find a single mammal fossil during his week there. Instead, he turned up the first fossil snail ever recorded at Olduvai! Truly, you see what you look for. Horn Silver and the Nevada Rush The Nevada silver rush, which began in 1858, may be the truest example of a gold rush. In the California gold rush, like those before and after, the Forty-Niners swarmed into the land and panned the easy nuggets from the stream placers. Then the geologic pros moved in to finish the job. The mining corporations and hydraulic syndicates thrived on the deep veins and low-pay ores that the panners couldnt touch. Mining camps like Grass Valley  had a chance to grow into mining towns, then into stable communities with farms and merchants and libraries. Not in Nevada. Silver there formed strictly on the surface. Over millions of years of desert conditions, silver sulfide minerals weathered out of their volcanic host rocks and slowly turned, under the influence of rainwater, to silver chloride. The climate of Nevada concentrated this silver ore in supergene enrichment. These heavy gray crusts were often polished by dust and wind to the dull luster of a cow horn—horn silver. You could shovel it right off the ground, and you didnt need a Ph.D. to find it. And once it was gone, there was little or nothing left beneath for the hard-rock miner. A big silver bed could be tens of meters wide and more than a kilometer long, and that crust on the ground was worth up to $27,000 a ton in 1860s dollars. The territory of Nevada, along with the states around it, was picked clean in a few decades. The miners would have done it faster, but there were dozens of remote ranges to prospect on foot, and the climate was so damnably harsh. Only the Comstock Lode supported silver mining by large combines, and it was depleted by the 1890s. It supported a federal mint in Nevadas capital, Carson City, which made silver coins with the CC mint mark. Mementos of the Silver State In any one place, the surface bonanzas lasted only a few seasons, long enough to put up saloons and not much else. Ultimately producing lots of ghost towns, the rough, violent life of so many Western movies reached its purest state in the Nevada silver camps, and the economy and politics of the state have been deeply marked ever since. They dont shovel silver off the ground anymore but sweep it instead, off the tables of Las Vegas and Reno. Nevada horn silver seems to be gone forever. Scouring the Web for specimens pans out nothing. You can find silver chloride on the Web under its mineral name of chlorargyrite or cerargyrite, but the specimens arent horn silver, even though thats what cerargyrite means in scientific Latin. Theyre little crystals from underground mines, and the sellers seem apologetic about how unexciting they look. Still. Take a moment to imagine  the thrill of stepping back into this period of American history and picking up chunks of silver right off the surface of the ground, like so much gravel... and gaining a fortune.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Rape And Sexual Assault Of The Military - 1328 Words

Rape and sexual assault are major issues in the military. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the issue of rape and sexual assault in the military. The number of attacks for rape and sexual assault in the military are at an all-time high. Women have recently been allowed to fight on the front line. While this may be a huge achievement for women-kind, for this woman, it is a very scary thought. I am a women with female relatives, with female friends. I may be forced to join the military one day if a war breaks out and women are needed to protect the country. I would be happy to serve my country if I did not have to be scared of my fellow soldiers. Joining the military is a commitment sold as a beneficial lifestyle. However, there is an†¦show more content†¦Throughout this paper, I will also discuss the movie, The Invisible War, speak specific about certain branches in the military as well as share personal stories. Hear the stories of women at war while in war. To start off I will like to state my reasoning in picking this topic. My sister is seventeen years old, graduating high school in this upcoming June. She has made the decision of not going to college right away but instead enlisting in the military, the Navy to be exact. My family has stood by her decision, but me being the overprotected sister, I sat her down to discuss her choices. Her main reasons for choosing to enlist are 1) in memory of our grandfather, 2) it will help her pay for college, when she goes and 3) she feels she is not disciplined enough to be able to â€Å"make it through college†. When asked about her knowledge of the military, she knew close to nothing. I mentioned to her the statics about being sexually assaulted in the field and while shocked by the information she still chooses to enlist. Yes, joining the military can be beneficial but where is the separation between my sister’s and all women’s safety and the love of fighting for our count ry. Currently there are many women who are serving to their country in all aspects of the Armed Forces of the United States. Since the war in Iraq and Afghanistan more womenShow MoreRelatedEssay on Rape and Sexual Assault in the Military1094 Words   |  5 Pagesis to discuss the issue of rape and sexual assault in the military. The number of attacks for rape and sexual assault in the military are at an all-time high. Women have recently been allowed to fight on the front line. While this may be a huge achievement for women-kind, for this woman, it is a very scary thought. I am a junior at Texas Academy of Biomedical Sciences; a school geared towards students wishing to enter the medical field. I may be forced to join the military one day if a war breaks outRead MoreEssay on Military Sexual Assault: The Invisible War by T.K. Barwlow1711 Words   |  7 PagesThroughout history, the United States Military has faced numerous scandals. From its role in the Vietnam War, to the Iran-Contra A ffair, to the Iraq War, to the abuse and denial of due process rights to detainees currently held indefinitely at the detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; the Department of Defense has undeniably raised many questions about its ethics and treatment toward both civilians and fellow members of the Armed Forces alike. One recent scandal, which would now appear to beRead MoreRape Among Americans : Rape1220 Words   |  5 PagesRape Among Americans Rape is a violent crime that involves forcing sexual acts on a person. Sexual assault is a serious problem and should be stopped. It can happen to anyone: no one is safe. Every one out of six Americans are raped each year. This includes men,women,and children. Some people believe that rape isn’t a prominent problem, but statistics show it occurs more frequently than we could ever imagine. Rape and its forms Although it all falls under the general topic of rape, there are differentRead MoreAngelique Vasquez. Professor Scala. Wgs 4100 . April 18Th,1517 Words   |  7 PagesAngelique Vasquez Professor Scala WGS 4100 April 18th, 2017 The Untold Stories of Women at War Joining the military is a commitment sold as a beneficial lifestyle. However, there is an unspoken truth about women joining the military. Hiding behind fluff, are women’s stories about the sexual violence during their time in the force and the mistreatment they received for reporting the assaults. What needs to happen: give some consideration to the type (and history) of men being recruited; take awayRead MoreSexual Assault Against Women During The United States1381 Words   |  6 Pages Sexual Assault Against Women in the United States Zoe Williams SOCY 100: Introduction to Sociology Montgomery College September 26, 2014 â€Æ' Violence against women has been ever-present throughout time and place in our world and in recorded history. Although violence against women encompasses a whole range of related acts, rape and sexual assault perpetrated against women is the focus of this paper. Men and boys are also victims of sexual assault, but the numbers of women who are sexualRead MoreWomen Of The Civil War1739 Words   |  7 PagesWomen without a doubt have dealt with a large portion of the inequality that rules this nation. But the military has always been accepting of others. This is a way for women to make great livable wages and maintain a steady occupation. Women being in the military dates all the way back to the civil war. During the times of the civil war many women pretended to be men so they could join and fight for a variety of different reasons. Some went to war to be with their loved ones, they had this thrillRead MoreSexual Assault And Rape During The Civil War914 Words   |  4 PagesNot only is sexual assault an ongoing issue in society, but there has also been a huge up rise of sexual assaults in the United States military. Recently women have been given the approval to fight on the front line in the Special Forces career field that was once male only career fields. For women, this may be a huge achievement; there are so many risks and fears involved, I would be curious to see how things turn out. Sexual assault and rape have been major issues in the military that is constantlyRead MoreEssay Kirby Dicks Film The Invisible War699 Words   |  3 PagesSixty-five years after President Truman signs the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act more than 200,000 women are serving in the military. These women are engaged in real combat and experience the physical, mental, and emotional exhaustion like every soldier out there. But what’s more is that in the first three quarters of the fiscal year of 2013 3,553 sexual assault complaints were reported to the Def ense Department. Of these, only one hundred and seventy-five of the alleged attackers were criminallyRead MoreStop Blaming Victims for Sexual Assault1286 Words   |  6 Pagesview of sexual assault is shifting in a negative way in that members of society openly persecute victims of sexual assault, and certain types of popular visual media promote such violence. People in positions of power ignore sexual assault leaving victims begging for justice. The term ‘sexual assault ‘has lost its ability to invoke an impassioned response from society; instead victims are often criticized, media encourages the behavior, and influential members of society indulge in it. Sexual assaultRead MoreDocumentary, The Invisible War, Features Heroic War Heros793 Words   |  4 Pagesuncovers the secrets of sexual assault within the U.S. Military. Created by Academy and Emmy award winners, Amy Ziering and Kirby Dick. In this film Ziering and Dick try to convince their audience of the ongoing rape epidemic surrounding the U.S. Military. A film intended to reach an audience unaware of the issues, Ziering and Dick take their viewers on a mission to seek justice. In the beginning of the film Ziering and Dick use emotional stories told by victims of sexual assault. This approach quickly

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Music Therapy For Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - 1587 Words

Abstract Traumatic experiences can cause sever anxiety and affective disorders in those that are affected. PTSD, or Post-traumatic stress disorder is such a disorder. This disorder is characterized by over sensitized arousal, hyper-vigilance, or exaggerated startle response. (Clark, 1997, pp. 27) This disorder can create problems with feeling and expressing normal emotions, and controlling anger and anxiety. Music therapy can help those affected with PTSD and other anxiety disorders by helping them to create useful, healthy habits, and to express emotions in a safe way. Since music communicates deep emotions in various areas of the brain, including the hippocampus, it will be seen that music therapy is an effective tool in helping those with anxiety disorders to feel more normalized. (Koelsch, 2010, pp. 313) Music Therapy in Treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Great lengths have been made in psychology in understanding and treating PTSD. This affective disorder affects the mood of those affected. Often, PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder is a result of a stressful event, or a traumatic experience that a patient is having trouble coping with. Clark (1997) described it as, â€Å"Exposure to a traumatic event in which the person has responded with intense fear, helplessness, or horror.† (pp. 27) Symptoms of PTSD may manifest themselves in a number of ways. Patients who have PTSD may experience a variety of symptoms on affecting mood and temperament. â€Å"Persistent symptoms ofShow MoreRelatedPost Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment For War Veterans1564 Words   |  7 Pages Post-traumatic stress disorder treatment for war veterans Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that may develop after experiencing or seeing a traumatic or a brutal life threatening event. It is increasingly on the rise in war veterans. For those with PTSD only 53 percent have seen physicians or a mental health care provider. And for those who sought out care, roughly only 50 percent received adequate treatment when returning from combat. Although there are many treatmentsRead MorePost Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )1127 Words   |  5 Pagesmembers of society have experienced some sort of traumatic event within their lifetime or even have had a family member or friend experience one. Most of society can move on from the traumatic event with little to no problems while many others have not. The people that have not been able to move on may suffer from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder also known as PTSD or some other similar stress-related disorder. Our society should be more educated on the disorder, its symptom s, and its treatments so we canRead MoreDifferent Styles Of Music Therapy828 Words   |  4 Pages Moreover, music therapy also has many benefits for PTSD, ASD and TBI victims. Music therapy can help PTSD and ASD patients expand their concentration levels. After experiencing a trauma many people have difficulty focusing on different things due to anxiety. Some research has shown that, military patients have done increasingly well on attention span tests (Kaplan). Some forms of music therapy consist of writing lyrics, which can help with expression and depression. Therapists have likewise usedRead MoreMusic Therapy For Ventilated Patients1025 Words   |  5 PagesSo let’s talk about what has been studied already. China has performed multiple studies regarding music therapy for ventilated patients. In 2008, 137 ventilated patients were studied using a control group and a music listening group. They measured the outcomes using a Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale and vit al signs. The vital signs used were blood pressure, heart rate, respiration rate, and oxygen saturation rate (Han et al., 2010). The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adultsâ„ ¢ (STAI-AD)Read MoreMusic Therapy Has Been Used For Many Years1629 Words   |  7 PagesMusic Therapy is a branch of therapy where music is used to benefit individuals. Qualified music therapists work with many different types of people and introduce them to music in order to help them. Individuals must go through schooling to become music therapists. Patients create music, sing, and listen to music. Music therapist are professionally trained and are able to use music to help those affected by mental illness, physical pain, and disabilities. Music has many affects on the brain. MusicRead MoreMusic Therapy : What, When, Where, And Why1434 Words   |  6 PagesMusic Therapy: Who, What, When, Where, and Why Music speaks. Through lyrics, harmonies, melodies, dynamics, and rhythms, music speaks. The song â€Å"You’ll Be in my Heart† written and enchantingly sung by Phil Collins always takes me back: â€Å"For one so small-/ You seem so strong-/ My arms will hold you-/ Keep you safe and warm-/ This bond between us-/ Can t be broken-/ I will be here-/ Don t you cry-/ Cause you ll be in my heart-/ Yes, you ll be in my heart-/ From this day on-/ Now and foreverRead MoreMusic : Music And The Brain1928 Words   |  8 Pages Musical Preference People enjoy different types of music. Some enjoy classical selections such as Beethoven and Mozart, while others would prefer the rock and roll of The Beatles . Every person has their own taste in music. What defines an individual’s dislikes and likes in music are often overlooked. Musical preference has been proven to be connected to parts of the brain that are linked to age, personality and cultural identification as concluded from scientific experiments. Events in our livesRead MoreWhat Does The Strength Perspective Can Be Beneficial? Adolescents?1285 Words   |  6 PagesJournal Of Traumatic Stress, 22(1), 65-68. doi:10.1002/jts.20381 Substance abuse in adolescents and trauma have a very strong connection. Usually when an adolescence starts using illegal substances it starts at a young age. The Kingston Raghaven article (2009), they conduct a study that links trauma and substance abuse, and also how both relate to post traumatic stress disorder. Adolescents that have a past of sexual abuse have a great risk of trauma and PTSD out of most traumatic events. WhenRead MoreThe Film Reign Over Me1097 Words   |  5 Pagesuntil an old college roommate runs into him on the the streets of New York. Alan Johnson [Don Cheadle] is troubled to find that his old roommate doesn’t even recognize him and is in worse shape then he remembered. Charlie is diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) later in the movie by therapist Angela Oakhurst [Liv Tyler]. Although the movie doesn’t examine the beginning stages of Charlie’s PTSD, his symptoms were very obvious and prevalent at his current stage. Us ing medical journals andRead MoreAnxiety Disorders Essay example1357 Words   |  6 Pagesthe point where they bled and cracked? What if you had an anxiety disorder? Anxiety is the most common illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults over the age of 18; that counts for 18% of the U.S. population. However, 22.8% of those cases are counted as severe anxiety. There are several types of anxiety disorders. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) involves excessive worrying, nervousness and tension. With this disorder, there is a constant feeling of dread that shapes your entire life

Sexism in the Workplace - 2282 Words

Discrimination can be expressed in many different ways, which n no matter can be very hurtful to a person. Discrimination itself means making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit (Merriam-Webster). One way of expressing discrimination is denying one a job because of his/her race or gender, or treating others unfairly because of his/her race or gender. Discrimination can lead to quitting a job, and possibly doing something harmful to oneself or to the aggressor. Different ways of discrimination occurs very often in the workplace. The most common would be, sexism against women; because men are the more dominant†¦show more content†¦However in highflying jobs there still is a large wage difference. The NES showed that womans hourly earnings where on an average 70.9% of mens in 1990. The problem being is that since woman go into different areas of work than men it may be very difficult to compare the skills and amount of work they do to claim equal pay. In the 1960’s want ads were universally segregated by sex. There was the â€Å"help wanted-male† and help wanted-female†(Berg) This allowed for no confusion but there were many complaints to the EEOC but they were repeatedly ignored. They agreed to get rid of the ad’s that separated the races, but not the ones separating sex. In the 1960’s one of the few positions that was available for women was in the airlines. They believed that it was the perfect job because it was considered to be the perfect training for marriage. But if the women gained weight or even got married they were fired. This was because they wanted the women to be young, single and enticing. â€Å"Its a sex thing† an airline executive explained the general thinking: â€Å"You put a dog on an airplane and twenty businessmen are sore at you for a month.† Women were required to wear girdles to look sexier. They would check if you were wearing your girdle by running a finger on the rear end and if you were not wearing it you were called into the office. These jobs only lasted for about 3 years because of women’s bodies changingShow MoreRelated Sexism in the Workplace Essay505 Words   |  3 PagesSexism in the Workplace The workplace is the area in which sexism is most commonly found. Sexism is in evidence in unfair recruitment practices, unequal pay, and intimidating behavior towards colleagues. Legislation is now in place in many countries that prohibits unfair treatment of staff on the grounds of their sex. The problem with this legislation is that they are often difficult to apply. In 1970, the Equal Pay Act was introduced. It requiresRead MoreThe American Workplace Exemplifies Sexism1757 Words   |  8 PagesCreated and perpetuated in part by patriarchal religions and capitalism, the American workplace exemplifies sexism in modern society, contributing to the continuation of women being viewed as subordinate to men (Albee and Perry 145). In 2013, American women earned 82 cents to every dollar that men earned, a discrepancy known as the gender wage gap, and that gap widens for working mothers in the United States. Though mothers comprise a larger percentage of the workforce than do fathers, they looseRead MoreSexism Against Women During The Workplace1982 Words   |  8 PagesSexism against women in the workplace is still common, particularly in managerial positions, which creates glass ceilings for women who can do as good or better job as their male counterparts. It is a sad fact that sexism still exists in the twenty-first century. What is the glass ceil ing you may ask? The glass ceiling is (Bell, Mclaughlin, Sequeira, 2002) as â€Å"the invisible or artificial barriers that prevent women (and people of colour) from advancing past a certain level† (Federal Glass CeilingRead MoreSexism And Discrimination Among Men And Fellow Women1278 Words   |  6 Pagesage and all backgrounds. Sexism and discrimination among coworkers is not an everyday occurrence but there is a greater chance among a larger store. Women have fought for their right to vote, have a voice, and have equal rights as men. While the fight for equality in the workplace has come a long way, it is still lacking. Women are constantly facing sexism in the workplace from men and fellow women. The challenges faced commonly in the workplace are stereotypes, sexism, and challenging gender scriptsRead MoreThe Compassionate Sexist, By Ivona Hideg And D. Lance Ferris Examined Benevolent Sexism Essay1249 Words   |  5 Pagesreviewed from the Journal of Personality and S ocial Psychology titled The Compassionate Sexist? How Benevolent Sexism Promotes and Undermines Gender Equality in the Workplace by Ivona Hideg and D. Lance Ferris examined benevolent sexism in the workplace. Benevolent sexism appears to promote gender equality, but it actually undermines it by contributing to gender segregation in the workplace. It contributes to keeping women in positions in which they are underrepresented, and keeps them from movingRead MoreSexism Is The True Hindrance For Female Careers1407 Words   |  6 Pagesdebated area is whether or not sexism exists in the workplace. Some argue that sexism is a major deterrent in the careers of women, and is the main reason women are not as prominent in positions of power and thus in our society. Others believe that women choose not to pursue such positions, because of their roles as mothers. However, it is views like this that prevent women from being taken seriously as workers. Upon closer insight into our society, it i s evident that sexism is the true hindrance in femaleRead MoreSexism in The Work Place Essay1286 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Sexism is the ideology that maintains that one sex is inherently inferior to the other. Sexism or discrimination based on gender has been a social issue for many years; it is the ideology that one sex is superior or inferior to the other. Sexism does not only affect females, but also males. Men are very often victimized by social stereotypes and norms based on gender expectations. Sexism has appears in almost all social institutions including family, the media, religion, sports, theRead MoreRacism And Racism Essay986 Words   |  4 Pagessimilarities between sexism and racism. Sexism occurs when a person’s gender or sex is used as the basis for discriminating. Females are more susceptible to sexism although males are also susceptible. Sexual harassment and rape are examples of extreme cases of sexism. Racism occurs when people of a particular race or ethnicity are discriminated against or made to feel inferior. The primary outcome of the paper after comparison is to determin e most dehumanizing act between racism and sexism. The first similarityRead MoreSexism And Objectification Of Women1556 Words   |  7 Pagesone that continues to boggle my mind is that misogyny and the objectification of women is somehow still present. Barely 60 years ago (yes, your own grandmother probably was a victim of this overt sexism), gender bias was a completely acceptable, and often encouraged office practice. While this sort of sexism is not as prevalent in today’s work environment, it is important to remember that young men at work in the 1960’s who experienced and practiced this overt gender bias are the men who grew up toRead MoreInequality Between Men And Women1315 Words   |  6 PagesUniversity System Mrs. Decter Table of Contents Introduction 3 Defining â€Å"Social Problem† 3 Explaining Sociological Viewpoint 3 Chosen Social Problem Introduction 3 Thesis 3 Defining Sexism 3 Why is it a social problem? 3-4 Statistics 4 Identifying and Defining Four Concepts Related to Sexism 4-5 How is this problem being addressed? 5 Conclusion 6 References†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 7 Social problems have always been a part of society. Although

Prevalence of Obesity in Australia Samples †

Question: Discuss about the Prevalence of Obesity in Australia. Answer: Introduction Australia has been credited for having one of the most stable healthcare systems in the world. However, the country, just like any other nation, still faces a myriad of challenges in its healthcare system. For a very long time, the country has been battling different health issues such as obesity, HIV/AIDS, cancer, Tuberculosis (TB), diabetes, heart infections, and many others. These are diseases which have been identified to be the priority areas which should be properly addressed by using the most appropriate strategies. Obesity, being one of the national priority ailments, has been negatively impacting on the Australian society. However, the condition can still be addressed if appropriate interventions are taken. The purpose of this paper is to present a critical analysis of obesity as a major issue of concern in Australia. The Prevalence of Obesity in the Country Obesity, which simply refers to overweight, refers to a condition which results into an increment of an individuals body weight by at least 20% above the normal weight. Scientifically, obesity is equated to a total Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 and above. Meaning, the people who have a BMI of not less than 20 are considered to be obese (Di Cesare, et al., 2013). As a condition, obesity has been linked to an increase in the body fats. Meaning, the more fats accumulate in the body, the higher the chances of an individual contracting the disease. This is why obesity has been categorized as a lifestyle disease whose causes are linked to unhealthy behaviors such as poor eating habits and physical inactivity (Razum Steinberg, 2017). It is therefore clear that obesity can be contracted if a person does not engage in physical activities or eat sugar-rich food products such as chips, chicken, burger, sausage, and many more. These food products can increase the accumulation of fat in the body. In terms of statistics, obesity has been categorized as one of the most serious public healthcare issues across the globe. The rates of obesity has been steadily increasing world over. According to the latest statistics, at least 200 million people are currently suffering from obesity across the world. In Australia, the rate of obesity infection has been rising in the recent past. According to information from the World Health Organization, in 2015 63.4% of Australian adults had obesity (Zhao, Vemuri Arya, 2016). This is a great increase because in 1995, the rate of obesity in the country stood at 56.3%. Meaning, according to this statistics, 2 out of 3 adult Australians are obese. Out of this number, 53.6% were overweight while 18% are categorized as obese because they have a MBI of 30. Australia also has a high rate of childhood obesity which affects its younger populations. Just like their adult counterparts, the young population is susceptible to obesity because of their obsessi on with junk foods and lack of engagement in physical exercises (Hankonen, et al., 2015). Obesity has been identified as an issue because it is actually one of the most challenging healthcare issues in the country today. In 2008, the Commonwealth Government of Australia elevated obesity to the levels of diabetes, heart disease, and cancer because it had been identified as a national health priority in the country. According to recent research, obesity has been affecting different categories of people in the country. It affects everyone including the adults, children, and immigrants, indigenous and non-indigenous communities (Johnson Kenny, 2010). However, in terms of prevalence, the condition has been established to be more prevalent amongst the immigrant and indigenous Aboriginals and the Torres Strait Islander people than the non-indigenous nationals. For example, amongst the indigenous community which of course has the highest rates of obesity in the country, the prevalence stood at 31% in 2001. Subsequent studies have also proven the same and confirmed that the indig enous communities are in a dire need of help. This is a clear proof hat obesity is a very serious issue in the country. The Interventions so far implemented to tackle Obesity The decision by the Commonwealth Government of Australia, in August 2008 to add obesity to the list of National Health Priorities marked an important stage in the fight against obesity. Since then, condition has been declared as a priority issue which must be addressed because if ignored, it can create an unhealthy population which is dangerous for the prosperity of the country (Caplan, 2013). Therefore, in order to address the problem of obesity, the government and other interested stakeholders have been adopting implementing certain interventions which have positively contributed towards the eradication of obesity as outlined herein: Regulation of the Food Industry The government has established that poor diet is one of the major causes of obesity. Children and adults have been becoming overweight because of poor eating habits which make them to use unhealthy food products like pizza, ice cream, hamburgers, soft drinks, sugary carbonated carbohydrates, candy, tacos, snacks, desserts, gums, and sweets (Mytton, Clarke Rayner, 2012). These foods are dangerous because they contain sugar which results into the accumulation of fats in the body. Since these foods have been linked to obesity, the success in the eradication of the disease greatly relies on the success in the elimination of these food products. To achieve this goal, the government has been engaging in promotional campaigns to sensitize the public and empower them to change their eating habits. When people change their behaviors, they can refrain from using such food products because they can make them vulnerable to obesity. However, apart from these behavior change promotional campaigns, the government has been liaising with its partners to regulate the production, supply, and consumption of the fast food products in the country (Sacks, et al., 2015). Such initiatives include the banning of fast food ads for the children, imposition of heavy taxation on the fast food products, lowering of the amount of sugar in the fast food products, and provision of incentives to the companies engaged in the manufacture of fresh food products such as fruits and vegetables. Indeed, this strategy has been effective in addressing the persistent problem of obesity in the country. It has created awareness on healthy eating habits and made the food companies to refrain from the production and supply of fast food products in the country (Smith, Gray, Fleming Parnell, 2014). Supporting Physical Activities in the Country The other intervention which has been so far adopted by the government is to encourage the Australians to engage in physical exercises. A large number of people have been contracting obesity because they do not engage in physical activities (Bray Popkin, 2014). As a responsible government, the Commonwealth government has been collaborating with the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), territory governments, and other interested stakeholders to support physical activity in the country. This has been implemented by adopting different kinds of strategies. First, the government has been engaging in the urban planning initiatives. Measures have been taken to advocate for the creation of recreational facilities within the urban areas. Preferential treatment has been given to the towns because the urban dwellers tend to have higher rates of physical inactivity as compared to the rural dwellers (Zhao, Vemuri Arya, 2016). Reason? In the urban centers, there are no enough recreational facilities like green parks, and sidewalks along the roads. At the same time, urban dwellers do not prefer to engage in physical exercises because of their lifestyle. Even the children do the same because they spend a lot of time watching the television and playing indoor video games. All these will be eradicated if the strategy is appropriately implemented. Secondly, the government has been supporting individuals to enroll in the gyms. These initiatives have greatly contributed towards the f ight against obesity in the country (Wen, Simpson, Rissel Baur, 2013). Each and every territory government has been coming up with ideas whose implementation has been enabling the people to engage in physical exercises. Supporting Childhood Obesity Initiatives The government has acknowledged that obesity is not uniformly distributed in the country. There are sections of the population which is at greater risk. For example, childhood obesity which has been established to be a major issue of concern has been addressed by helping the children to change their behaviors. The Australian children contract obesity because they are physically inactive and do engage in unhealthy eating habits. For example, the children prefer to eat the fast foods which are sugary (Waddingham, Stevens, Macintyre Shaw, 2015). In order to address the problem of physical inactivity amongst the children, the government has been supporting the Active After-School Community programs which are aimed at encouraging the children to get rid of obesity by engaging in physical activities. This strategy has been of great contribution in addressing the problem of childhood obesity (Feldman Vincent, 2005). Children have been sensitized to participate in physical activities and refrain from unhealthy lifestyles like spending the entire day in their houses while watching the television and playing video games. The program has been helpful because it has been creating awareness to the children to life a right lifestyle which can benefit them (Bhopal, et al., 2014). The other strategy which has been taken to address the problem of childhood obesity is the regulation of the fast food industry. The government has been achieving this goal by coming up with measures to ensure that the children do not get a free access to fast food products which is so unhealthy for them. Conclusion It is true that obesity is a major issue of concern both within and out of Australia. The prevalence of obesity in the country is higher than expected. This means that a large number of Australians have been leading unhealthy lifestyles which only put their life to risks of contracting the disease. Failure of the people to eat healthily and engage in physical activity has made them vulnerable to the disease. However, the disease can still be controlled if appropriate measures are taken. The measures so far taken by the government of Australia have been yielding lots of fruits. If it were not for the health promotional campaigns implemented, the prevalence of obesity would be higher than it currently is. Of all the cited intervention, the supporting of the physical activity is the best. The strategy is better than others because it focuses on improving the physical health of individual Australians. People should be encouraged to engage in physical activities because it can improve their health. When people exercise, they can burn excess calories and get rid of lifestyle diseases like obesity, diabetes and heart attack. Meaning, if the campaign succeeds in introducing the culture of physical fitness in the country, it will manage to provide a long-term solution to the persistent problem of lifestyle diseases. The strategy can be of great contribution if used in addressing the problem of childhood obesity. Programs like the Activity After-school should be supported because it can help in changing the lifestyle of the children by making them active members of the society. References Bhopal, R.S., et al., (2014). Effect of a lifestyle intervention on weight change in south Asian individuals in the UK at high risk of type 2 diabetes: a family-cluster randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology, 2(3), pp.218-227. Bray, G. A., Popkin, B. M. (2014). Dietary sugar and body weight: Have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes? Diabetes care, 37(4), 950-956. Caplan, P. ed., (2013). Food, health and identity. Routledge: London. Di Cesare, M., et al., (2013). Inequalities in non-communicable diseases and effective responses. The Lancet, 381(9866), 585-597. Feldman, S., Vincent, M. (2005). Panic Nation: Unpicking the Myths We're Told About Food and Health. London: John Blake Publishing. Hankonen, et al., (2015). Which behavior change techniques are associated with changes in physical activity, diet and body mass index in people with recently diagnosed diabetes?. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49(1), pp.7-17. Johnson, P., Kenny, P. (2010). "Addiction-like reward dysfunction and compulsive eating in obese rats: Role for dopamine D2 receptors". Nature Neuroscience. 13 (5): 63541 Mytton, O. T., Clarke, D., Rayner, M. (2012). Taxing unhealthy food and drinks to improve health. BMJ, 344(7857), e2931. Razum, O. Steinberg, H., (2017). Diabetes in Ethnic Minorities and Immigrant Populations in Western Europe. In Diabetes Mellitus in Developing Countries and Underserved Communities (pp. 225-233). Springer International Publishing: London. Sacks, G., et al., (2015). Comparison of food industry policies and commitments on marketing to children and product (re) formulation in Australia, New Zealand and Fiji. Critical Public Health, 25(3), 299-319. Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Fleming, E. A., Parnell, W. R. (2014). Characteristics of fast- food/takeaway-food and restaurant/cafe-food consumers among New Zealand adults.Public health nutrition, 17(10), 2368-2377. Waddingham, S., Stevens, S., Macintyre, K., Shaw, K. (2015). Most of them are junk food but we did put fruit on there and we have water What children can tell us about the food choices they make. Health Education, 115(2), 126-140. Wen, L. M., Simpson, J. M., Rissel, C., Baur, L. A. (2013). Maternal junk food diet during pregnancy as a predictor of high birthweight: Findings from the healthy beginnings trial. Birth, 40(1), 46-51. Zhao, Y., Vemuri, S. R., Arya, D. (2016). The economic benefits of eliminating Indigenous health inequality in the Northern Territory. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Mobile Business Networks

Questions: 1. What impacts have geographic information systems had on the world today? How has it influenced BUSINESS and MARKETING ?2. What are the BENEFITS and challenges of a connected world?3. What are the different wireless network business APPLICATIONS and the benefits they provide?4. What are the different wireless network categories and why are they important to know?5. In what ways are technologies transforming how we live, and what are the five different networking elements creating a connected world and their advantages? Provide examples to support your answer.6. What effects to wireless technologies have on everyday life and business life and how do these technologies enable widespread adoption and innovation? In your discussion, address the benefits and challenges of business mobility. Answers: 1. GIS permits us better understand our globe so we can satisfy global troubles. By executing what we know about innovation and GIS to what we don't have the foggiest idea, we can become acquainted with we truly need to know - how to enhance aggregate prosperity and fulfil a superior up and coming. These issues are spatial in qualities and need spatial assets and spatial considering. Creating and actualizing GIS assets and data permit us to fuse topographical insights into how we think and act. To that end, GIS can control our association with the surroundings and in addition help us comprehend complex associations that else we would never have the capacity to get it (Directions Magazine, 2015). GIS is an innovation with a profoundly powerful arrangement of assets that numerous organizations are utilizing to improve see in their data. New thoughts can prompt improved method and utilitarian systems, even in more seasoned segments like retail location, property, and assets. Numerous organizations have either never recognized the estimation of how place data could help them. Others had some adoration for the force of spot research yet utilized it inadequately (Clarke, 2004). 2. Benefits of connected world: Frameworks give numerous profits to an organization including Discussing assets Offering open doors Decreasing travel The primary hotspots for imparting incorporate Intranet Extranet Exclusive individual network Challenges of connected world: Frameworks make an alternate overall connected world uprooting time and separation Systems make it conceivable to unite in ways not previously possible Despite the fact that systems give numerous business advantages, they additionally make enhanced troubles in assurance, open, moral, and administrative issues (Wedekind, HaÃÅ'ˆrder and Lehner, 2005) 3. Wi-Fi business projects and arrangements are utilizing satellite television innovative development. These mechanical advancements are GPS, GIS, and LBS (, 2015). GPS is a satellite-based steering system offering amazingly exact place, time, and rate subtle elements. GIS is spot subtle elements that can be demonstrated on a guide. LBS are projects that utilization spot subtle elements to offer a backing utilized by both GPS and GIS. Benefits of GPS (Prentzas, 2010): To use as tracking device To use as navigation system To maximise fuel economy To track the weather condition Benefits of GIS (Albrecht, 2007): Expense advantages as an aftereffect of higher proficiency Better decision making Enhanced correspondence Better land data recordkeeping Overseeing topographically Benefits of LBS (Kolodziej and Hjelm, 2006): Used to check privacy To locate the geographical position Helps to track 4. Types of wireless network are (Chen, Ji and Zhang, 2013): WLANS: Wireless Local Area Networks: WLANS permit clients in a nearby group, for example, a great college or gathering, to structure a framework or get web access. A fleeting framework can be created by a few clients without the need of an openness point; given that they needn't bother with availability framework assets. WPANS: Wireless Personal Area Networks: The two current innovative advancement of remote individual spot methods are Infra-Red and Wireless Bluetooth. These will permit the association of individual gadgets inside a spot of around 30 feet. In any case, IR obliges a direct line of sight and the extent is less. WMANS: Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks: This innovation permits the association of a few systems in an urban place, for example, distinctive structures in a city, which can be an option or move down to resting birdwatcher or fibre wiring. WWANS: Wireless Wide Area Networks: These sorts of systems can be overseen over expansive territories, for example, spots or nations, by means of a few satellite methods or aeronautical destinations took care of by an ISP. These sorts of methods are alluded to as 2G procedures. 5. The five different networking elements creating a connected world (University and Outcomes, 2015): Network providers: At the top of the hierarchy are national service providers (NSPs), private companies that own and maintain the worldwide backbone that supports the internet. Network categories: Networks are categorized based on geographic span: local area networks, wide area networks, and metropolitan area networks. Network protocols: A protocol is a standard that specifies the format of data as well as the rules to be followed during transmission. Network access technologies use a standard internet protocol called TCP/IP. Network convergence: This is the efficient coexistence of telephone, video, and data communication within a single network, offering convenience and flexibility not possible with separate infrastructures. Network access technologies: A modem is a device that enables a computer to transmit and receive data. Broadband is a high-speed internet connection that is always connected. 6. Benefits of wireless technologies (Small Business -, 2015): Wi-Fi cooperation has influenced medical services in remote zones around the globe, especially by enhancing accommodation of health awareness data and medicines. Work to ensure nature has gotten new capacities with the happening to remote collaboration. Remote cooperation has had a noteworthy effect on how organizations perform, making it easier to stay in contact with clients everywhere throughout the globe. Remote cooperation has opened endless new routines for excitement. Remote cooperation has made it less complex for individuals to perform together to bolster a typical reason, improving the imminent for realizing telecommuting spares gas. Albeit cells frequently have been viewed as a preoccupation by educators who have disallowed them from classes, the propelled capacities of cellular telephones are bringing in teachers to re-examine their planned as classroom devices. Challenges of wireless technologies (Healthcare IT News, 2015): A key undertaking to the utilization of Wi-Fi frameworks is the physical advancement of restorative consideration gimmicks and issues acquiring fast web system An alternate issue for individuals is information exchange usage, availability on their way-fi framework that could confine doctor access to individual data. Remote innovation satisfies its promise to upgrade proficiency without requesting end clients to wind up "IT Professional". Members are likewise included with the security that incorporates the Wi-Fi environment itself. References [1] Albrecht, J. (2007). Key concepts techniques in GIS. Los Angeles [i.e. Thousand Oaks, Calif.]: SAGE Publications.[2] Chen, L., Ji, J. and Zhang, Z. (2013). Wireless network security. Beijing: Higher Education Press.[3] Clarke, K. (2004). Mobile Mapping and Geographic Information Systems. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 31(3), pp.131-136.[4] Directions Magazine, (2015). GIS for Planning and Community Development: Solving Global Challenges. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Mar. 2015].[5] Healthcare IT News, (2015). Study identifies top five wireless challenges. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Mar. 2015].[6] Kolodziej, K. and Hjelm, J. (2006). Local positioning systems. Boca Raton, FL: CRC/Taylor Francis.[7] Prentzas, G. (2010). GPS. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Cherry Lake Pub.[8], (2015). BSAD 141 Essay Questions Exam 1. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Mar. 2015].[9] Small Business -, (2015). How Wireless Communication Changed the World. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Mar. 2015].[10] University, T. and Outcomes, C. (2015). Information Technology 209 Ammons Flashcards Chapter 7 Learning Outcomes | StudyBlue. [online] StudyBlue. Available at: [Accessed 19 Mar. 2015].[11] Wedekind, H., HaÃÅ'ˆrder, T. and Lehner, W. (2005). Data management in a connected world. Berlin: Springer.